The Cambridge City Council on Monday eliminated all minimum parking space requirements from the city’s zoning code, citing declining car ownership and the need for more open space and housing construction.
The Council voted 8-1 to amend Cambridge’s Zoning Ordinance — which details regulations for new construction in Cambridge — to set all minimum parking requirements to zero, making Cambridge the first Massachusetts city to fully abolish parking minimums. Previously, zoning regulations required new residential developments to have one off-street parking space per unit.
In an interview prior to the meeting, Councilor Marc. C. McGovern, who co-sponsored the policy order, said the change would allow developers “more flexibility” to build parking that meets the needs of their specific projects. He said a downward trend in car ownership should prompt the city to “rethink our relationship to parking.”
“Not everybody who lives in the city is all about cars anymore,” McGovern said. “We have to figure out ways to accommodate different needs, different wants, different desires in a city that is really tight on space.”
“There isn’t going to be anybody out there who’s going to be 100 percent satisfied with whatever we get,” he added. “We all have to give up a little something.”
Councilor Dennis J. Carlone, who voted against the amendment, said the amendment would not reduce traffic, adding that there was “no basis for it whatsoever.”
“We know garages are half to one-third full,” Carlone said during Monday’s meeting. “Instead of saying one-third to a half [parking space] per unit, we’re saying zero. We’re basically throwing it into the developer’s choice.”
He added that the “real problem” was restrictions on the maximum number of parking spaces in the zoning code.
McGovern said in the interview he is not worried about the changes straining Cambridge’s parking capacity.
“There’s a lot of garages and parking lots in Cambridge that are around housing and around commercial development, where the parking lots are only half-used,” McGovern said. “I don’t understand how that would make sense for us to continue that practice.”
Cambridge joins Minneapolis, San Francisco, and Nashville, Tennessee, in having fully abolished parking minimums. In 2019, Somerville eliminated minimums in most areas, and last year, Boston Mayor Michelle Wu ’07 signed an amendment abolishing them for affordable housing projects.
The move is the second major zoning code amendment this month from a Council increasingly focused on zoning reform. Last week, it amended the zoning code to significantly increase fees levied on commercial real estate developers that are paid to the city’s fund for affordable housing.
During Monday’s meeting, the Council also voted to ban the sale of fur and fur products in Cambridge.
Councilors also discussed a Monday announcement from City Manager Yi-An Huang ’05 about diversity and inclusion on Cambridge’s volunteer boards and commissions. The announcement said volunteer members of the Historical Commission, the Board of Zoning Appeals — which is currently seeking new members — and the Planning Board will begin receiving yearly stipends for their work next year.
—Staff writer Elias J. Schisgall can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow him on Twitter @eschisgall.